Vegetable paradise in Ven village
Gomali Bai, a forest dweller, belongs to the Meena tribe. Along with her husband and 2 children she resides in Ven village of Salumber block of Udaipur. Agriculture contributes to more than 50 per cent of the family’s income which is INR 64700 annually.
Project objective: The project titled “Improving Food Security through Sustainable Agricultural Practices and Strengthening Local Biodiversity Management”, being implemented by Prayatna Samiti with the support of Kehitysmaayhdistys Pääskyt and Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Finland, addresses vulnerable ecosystem by fostering minor millets and vegetable cultivation with the set of Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) and good governance for better management of natural resources in 10 villages.
Issues addressed: Lack of food security due to 2 bigha unfertile land out of 4 bigha, sloped terrain and lack of skills for food crop cultivation. Setting up of Nutrition Garden will promote the vegetable cultivation for providing nutrition to the remotely located marginalized households. Thus, food security will satisfy the need of food crops and enhance incomes.
Beneficiary interest and approach: Gomali Bai became interested in vegetable cultivation as she wished to enhance the existing vegetable production which rarely yielded vegetables to her. She wished to learn the cultivation technique and procure seeds to enhance the production which she can use for family consumption.
The process: Gomali Bai got familiarized with the cultivation method through her SHG named Dholagiri Sayam Sahayata Samuha consisting of 15 members. She participated in 1 training on “Minor Millets and Vegetable Cultivation” organised by Prayatna Samiti in Udaipur. Through the hands-on approach, she learned nursery raising. She got the lesson on transplantation of seedlings to promote plant growth. Prayatna Samiti provided her seeds of bottle gourd, ridge gourd, chilli, cluster bean, spinach and tomato. Along with this, she received orientation on vegetable cultivation through the IEC material.
Following the steps she prepared nursery of tomato and chilli. She utilized 2 patches of land with a total of 215 sq. mt. area to prepare beds. She raised tomatoes, spinach, brinjals, chillies in the 2 patches with one located at the slope and another at the side of the existing crop field. The vegetables of each kind were raised in the separate beds. She prepared the supporters with locally available tree stems to raise the tomato plant growth. To avoid spreading diseases she prepared the Five leaves extract with mixing castor, neem, madar, dhatura and Jharmar leaves. The spray was applied 8 times at the interval of 1 week.
Results: She is able to produce 40 kg of vegetable with 0.25 kg harvested daily. She has saved INR 200 per week which used to spent for purchasing vegetables from Salumber. Now all the vegetables are brought from the nutrition garden. Her family members are enjoying the diverse vegetables with 2 vegetables at a time in the regular meals.
Good Agricultural Practices and learning: Nursery raising is necessary to support healthy plant growth. Spray of Five Leaf extract which is organic manure helps in controlling bacterial, nematode and viral infections. Use of supporters increases yield and size of the fruits. Row sowing of vegetables supports healthy growth of plants, fruits and leaves and soil and water conservation. New crops cluster bean and bhindi will be sown in summers.